Backyard Birds: Building an app with SwiftData and widgets

Create an app with persistent data, interactive widgets, and an all new in-app purchase experience.


Backyard Birds offers a rich environment in which you can watch the birds that visit your backyard garden. You can monitor their water and food supply to ensure they always have fresh water and plenty to eat, or upgrade the game using an in-app purchase to provide tastier food for the birds to eat.

The sample implements its data model using SwiftData for persistence, and integrates seamlessly with SwiftUI using the Observable protocol. The game’s widgets implement App Intents for interactive and configurable widgets. The in-app purchase experience uses the ProductView and SubscriptionStoreView from StoreKit.

You can access the source code for this sample on GitHub.

  • Note: This sample code project is associated with WWDC23 session 102: State of the Union.

Configure the sample code project

To configure the Backyard Birds app to run on your devices, follow these steps:

  1. Open the project in Xcode 15 or later.
  2. Edit the multiplatform target’s scheme, and on the Options tab, choose the Store.storekit file for StoreKit configuration.
  3. Repeat the previous step for the watchOS target’s scheme.
  4. Select the top-level Backyard Birds project.
  5. For all targets, choose your team from the Team menu in the Signing & Capabilities pane so Xcode can automatically manage your provisioning profile.

Create a data-driven app

The app defines its data model by conforming the model objects to PersistentModel using the Model macro. Using the Attribute macro with the unique option ensures that the id property is unique.

@Model public class BirdSpecies {
    @Attribute(.unique) public var id: String
    public var naturalScale: Double = 1
    public var isEarlyAccess: Bool
    public var parts: [BirdPart]
    @Relationship(.cascade, inverse: \Bird.species)
    public var birds: [Bird]
    public var info: BirdSpeciesInfo { BirdSpeciesInfo(rawValue: id) }
    public init(info: BirdSpeciesInfo, naturalScale: Double = 1, isEarlyAccess: Bool = false, parts: [BirdPart]) { = info.rawValue
        self.naturalScale = naturalScale
        self.isEarlyAccess = isEarlyAccess = parts

Construct interactive widgets

Backyard Birds displays interactive widgets by presenting a Button to refill a backyard’s supplies when the water and food are running low. The app does this by placing a Button in the widget’s view, and passing a ResupplyBackyardIntent instance to the init(intent:label:) initializer:

Button(intent: ResupplyBackyardIntent(backyard: BackyardEntity(from: snapshot.backyard))) {
    Label("Refill Water", systemImage: "arrow.clockwise")
        .frame(maxWidth: .infinity)
        .padding(.vertical, 8)
        .padding(.horizontal, 12)
        .background(.quaternary, in: .containerRelative)

The app allows for configuration of the widget by implementing the WidgetConfigurationIntent protocol:

struct BackyardWidgetIntent: WidgetConfigurationIntent {
    static let title: LocalizedStringResource = "Backyard"
    static let description = IntentDescription("Keep track of your backyards.")
    @Parameter(title: "Backyards", default: BackyardWidgetContent.all)
    var backyards: BackyardWidgetContent
    @Parameter(title: "Backyard")
    var specificBackyard: BackyardEntity?
    init(backyards: BackyardWidgetContent = .all, specificBackyard: BackyardEntity? = nil) {
        self.backyards = backyards
        self.specificBackyard = specificBackyard
    init() {
    static var parameterSummary: some ParameterSummary {
        When(\.$backyards, .equalTo, BackyardWidgetContent.specific) {
            Summary {
        } otherwise: {
            Summary {

Provide a new in-app purchase experience

The sample app uses ProductView to display several different bird food upgrades available for purchase on a store shelf. To prominently feature an in-app purchase item, the app uses the .productViewStyle(.large) modifier:

ProductView(id: {
    BirdFoodProductIcon(birdFood: birdFood, quantity: product.quantity)
.background(.background.secondary, in: .rect(cornerRadius: 20))

The Backyard Birds Pass page displays renewable subscriptions using the SubscriptionStoreView view. The app uses the PassMarketingContent view as the content of the SubscriptionStoreView:

    groupID: passGroupID,
    visibleRelationships: showPremiumUpgrade ? .upgrade : .all
) {
    PassMarketingContent(showPremiumUpgrade: showPremiumUpgrade)
        #if !os(watchOS)
        .containerBackground(for: .subscriptionStoreFullHeight) {


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