Ginny 💧

Ginny is a Swift Package plugin that enables file-based routing for Vapor apps. It works by generating code at build-time that registers routes like you would in any normal Vapor app.

Basic Usage

Ginny removes some of the boilerplate related to routing in Vapor apps while supporting the majority of its features. (For a list of unsupported features, see below.)

Using Ginny is as simple as a one-line change:

let app = try Application(.detect())
defer { app.shutdown() }

+ app.registerRoutes()

From here on out, as long as the plugin is running, routes will be generated based on the way you have organized the files in your Vapor app’s target and what’s inside of them.

The following folder structure:

├── api/
│   ├── hello.swift
│   ├── world
│   │   ├── world.index.swift
│   │   ├── foo.swift

Results in the following routes:


Ginny looks inside your /pages directory for .swift files that contain conformances to either RequestHandler or AsyncRequestHandler and generates the rest of the route registration code for you.

For example, take the following file /pages/api/hello.swift:

import Foundation
import Ginny
import Vapor

struct Hello: RequestHandler {

  var method: HTTPMethod {

  func handle(req: Request) throws -> String {
    "Hello, world!"

Each time that your project builds, Ginny finds the RequestHandler inside of /pages/api/hello.swift and generates the Vapor boilerplate under-the-hood to register your route. You can always see the exact code that Ginny generates by checking your target’s build logs for Routes.generated.swift.

From here, you can run your server like you would normally and make a request to the corresponding endpoint:

curl -X GET http://localhost:8080/api/hello


  1. Add Ginny as a dependency in your Package.swift:
.package(url: "", from: "0.1.1"),
  1. In your Vapor app’s executable, add the Ginny library as a dependency and the GinnyPlugin as a plugin. See the example app for more.

  name: "MyApp",
  dependencies: [
    .product(name: "Ginny", package: "ginny"),
    .product(name: "Vapor", package: "vapor"),
  plugins: [
    .plugin(name: "GinnyPlugin", package: "ginny"),

Now, Ginny will run any time that you build your project if any of your API routes have changed.


There are a few subtleties related to how Ginny generates code for you:

  • Normally, in other systems, files named index are used to refer to the root of a directory. Unfortunately, this doesn’t work in Swift because you can’t have two files in the same module with the same name. Ginny works around this by dropping any path components that contain .index, whether that’s a file or a folder. This allows you to prefix your index files with anything else you need to disambiguate them. So, api/hello/hello.index.swift is routed to api/hello and api/hello/world/world.index.swift is routed to api/hello/world/. See the example app for more.

  • Ginny is smart enough to support two RequestHandlers in the same file, it will register both of them for you. So, you can declare multiple handlers in the same file with different HTTP methods and get the behavior that you would expect: GET api/hello and POST api/hello, for example.

  • Ginny registers routes in alphabetic order according to the file system. You can always inspect Routes.generated.swift in your build logs to see the code that Ginny generates. If you’d like different behavior here, please file a GitHub issue.

Feature parity with Vapor

Ginny supports most of Vapor’s routing features at the moment. Support for missing features can be added if there’s any appetite for them, please file a GitHub issue to get a discussion going!


  • Route parameters: Vapor’s route parameters are supported with a [] syntax. For example, a file named api/user/[id].swift ends up getting registered with Vapor as api/user/:id

  • Catchall parameters: Vapor’s catchall parameters are supported with a ... syntax. For example, a file named api/user/[...slug].swift ends up getting registered with Vapor as api/user/*** and allows you to later retrieve the catchall. The slug part does not matter, you can name that whatever you’d like (and you’ll have to if you want to have multiple files in the same module that support catchall parameters because you can’t have two files in the same Swift module with the same name)

Not yet supported


Ginny was inspired by the way Vercel does routing. I’m a big fan of all things Vercel and Next.js, I highly recommend taking a look.

Why Ginny?

Ginny Strazisar developed the first true IP router in 1975.


View Github