CocoaPods Compatible Carthage Compatible SwiftPM Compatible Supported Platforms Build Status Code Coverage

Easily handle a geometric object model (points, linestrings, polygons etc.) and related topological operations (intersections, overlapping etc.). A type-safe, MIT-licensed Swift interface to the OSGeo’s GEOS library routines.

For MapKit integration visit:
For MapboxGL integration visit:

Migrating to Version 5 or Later

Version 5 constitutes a ground-up rewrite of GEOSwift. For full details and help migrating from version 4, see


  • A pure-Swift, type-safe, optional-aware programming interface
  • WKT and WKB reading & writing
  • Robust support for GeoJSON via Codable
  • Thread-safe
  • Swift-native error handling
  • Extensively tested


  • iOS 9.0+, tvOS 9.0+, macOS 10.9+ (CocoaPods, Carthage, Swift PM)
  • Linux (Swift PM)
  • Swift 5.1

GEOS is licensed under LGPL 2.1 and its compatibility with static linking is at least controversial. Use of geos without dynamic linking is discouraged.



  1. Update your Podfile to include:

     pod 'GEOSwift'
  2. Run $ pod install


  1. Add the following to your Cartfile:

     github "GEOSwift/GEOSwift" ~> 8.1
  2. Finish updating your project by following the typical Carthage workflow.

Swift Package Manager

  1. Update the top-level dependencies in your Package.swift to include:

     .package(url: "", from: "8.1.0")
  2. Update the target dependencies in your Package.swift to include


In certain cases, you may also need to explicitly include geos as a dependency. See issue #195 for details.


Geometry creation

// 1. From Well Known Text (WKT) representation
let point = try Point(wkt: "POINT(10 45)")
let polygon = try Geometry(wkt: "POLYGON((35 10, 45 45.5, 15 40, 10 20, 35 10),(20 30, 35 35, 30 20, 20 30))")

// 2. From a Well Known Binary (WKB)
let wkb: NSData = geometryWKB()
let geometry2 = try Geometry(wkb: wkb)

// 3. From a GeoJSON file:
let decoder = JSONDecoder()
if let geoJSONURL = Bundle.main.url(forResource: "multipolygon", withExtension: "geojson"),
    let data = try? Data(contentsOf: geoJSONURL),
    let geoJSON = try? decoder.decode(GeoJSON.self, from: data),
    case let .feature(feature) = geoJSON,
    let italy = feature.geometry

Topological operations

Let’s say we have two geometries:

Example geometries

GEOSwift let you perform a set of operations on these two geometries:

Topological operations


  • equals: returns true if this geometric object is “spatially equal” to another geometry.
  • disjoint: returns true if this geometric object is “spatially disjoint” from another geometry.
  • intersects: returns true if this geometric object “spatially intersects” another geometry.
  • touches: returns true if this geometric object “spatially touches” another geometry.
  • crosses: returns true if this geometric object “spatially crosses’ another geometry.
  • within: returns true if this geometric object is “spatially within” another geometry.
  • contains: returns true if this geometric object “spatially contains” another geometry.
  • overlaps: returns true if this geometric object “spatially overlaps” another geometry.
  • relate: returns true if this geometric object is spatially related to another geometry by testing for intersections between the interior, boundary and exterior of the two geometric objects as specified by the values in the intersectionPatternMatrix.


Explore more, interactively, in the playground, which is available in the GEOSwiftMapKit project. It can be found inside GEOSwiftMapKit workspace. Open the workspace in Xcode, build the GEOSwiftMapKit framework and open the playground file.



To make a contribution:

  • Fork the repo
  • Start from the main branch and create a branch with a name that describes your contribution
  • Run $ xed Package.swift to open the project in Xcode.
  • Run $ swiftlint from the repo root and resolve any issues.
  • Update GEOSwift.xcodeproj: After making your changes, you also need to update the Xcode project. You’ll need a version of Carthage greater than 0.36.0 so that you can use the --use-xcframeworks option. Run $ carthage update --use-xcframeworks to generate geos.xcframework. Then open the GEOSwift.xcodeproj and ensure that it works with your changes. You’ll likely only need to make changes if you’ve added, removed, or renamed files.
  • Sign in to (if you’ve never signed in before, CI won’t run to verify your pull request)
  • Push your branch and create a pull request to main
  • One of the maintainers will review your code and may request changes
  • If your pull request is accepted, one of the maintainers should update the changelog before merging it


Past Maintainers


  • GEOSwift was released by Andrea Cremaschi (@andreacremaschi) under a MIT license. See LICENSE for more information.
  • GEOS stands for Geometry Engine – Open Source, and is a C++ library, ported from the Java Topology Suite. GEOS implements the OpenGIS Simple Features for SQL spatial predicate functions and spatial operators. GEOS, now an OSGeo project, was initially developed and maintained by Refractions Research of Victoria, Canada.