A simple routing library for iOS projects.


Basic Usage

Creating a Router

// Create a router
let router = Router<MyRoutes>()

// Navigate to a route
router.navigate(to: .loginFlow)

// ... or open a route from a URL

Configuring Routes

Define your routes, like so:

enum AppRoute {
    case home
    case profile(withID: Int)
  • Note: By default, enum properties dont factor into equality checks/comparisons. You can provide your own
    implemention of var name: String or static func == (_:_:) if you would like to override this.

Implement the protocol stubs:

extension AppRoute: RouteProvider {

    /// Configure the transitions
    var transition: RouteTransition {
        switch self {
        case .home:
            return .push
        case .profile:
            return .modal

    /// Prepare the view controller for the route
    /// - You can use this to configure entry points into flow coordinators
    /// - You can throw errors here to cancel the navigation
    func prepareForTransition(from currentViewController: UIViewController) throws {
        switch self {
        case .home:
            return HomeCoordinator.shared.navigateHome().navigationController
        case .profile(let profileID):
            let myProfile = try Profile.load(withID: profileID)
            return ProfileViewController(profile: myProfile)


Advanced Usage

URL Support

You only need to do two things to add URL support to your routes.

First, implement the static method registerURLs in your RouteProvider.

Here is an example with a single host:

extension MyRoute: RouteProvider {

    static func registerURLs() -> Router<MyRoute>.URLMatcherGroup? {
        return .group("store.example.com") {
            $0.map("products") { .allProducts }
            $0.map("products/{category}/view") { try .products(catagory: $0.param("category")) }
            $0.map("user/{id}/profile") { try .viewProfile(withID: $0.param("id")) }
            $0.map("user/*/logout") { .logout }


Here is an example with multiple domains:

extension MyRoute: RouteProvider {

    static func registerURLs() -> Router<MyRoute>.URLMatcherGroup? {
        return .init(matchers: [
            .group(["example.com", "store.example.com"]) {
                $0.map("products/") { .allProducts }
                $0.map("products/{category}/view") { try .products(catagory: $0.param("category")) }
                $0.map("user/{id}/profile") { try .viewProfile(withID: $0.param("id")) }
                $0.map("user/*/logout") { .logout }
            .group("affiliate.website.net.au") {
                $0.map("*/referral/") { .openReferralProgram(for: $0.rawURL) }


Then call the openURL method inside your URL handler. Here is Universal Links for example:

extension AppDelegate {

    /// Open Universal Links
    func application(_ application: UIApplication,
                 continue userActivity: NSUserActivity,
                 restorationHandler: @escaping ([Any]?) -> Void) -> Bool
        guard userActivity.activityType == NSUserActivityTypeBrowsingWeb,
            let url = userActivity.webpageURL,
            let handledURL = router.openURL(url) else {
            return false // Unrecognized URL

        return handledURL


Handling errors

It can be messy trying to handle errors in every place you call navigate.

You can set a completion handler for a navigation action:

router.navigate(to: .profilePage(id: "12")) { optionalError in
    if let error = optionalError {
        print("Oh no, there was an unexpected error!")
    } else {

You could wrap or override the navigate functions to provide a default completion handler, if you handle
all navigation errors in the same way. For example, something like this:

class MyRouter<Route: RouteProvider>: XRouter.Router<Route> {

    /// Navigate to a route. Logs errors.
    override func navigate(to route: Route, animated: Bool = true, completion: ((Error?) -> Void)? = nil) {
        super.navigate(to: route, animated: animated, completion: completion ?? logErrors)

    /// Open a URL to a route. Logs errors.
    override func openURL(_ url: URL, animated: Bool = true, completion: ((Error?) -> Void)? = nil) -> Bool {
        return openURL(url, animated: animated, completion: completion ?? logErrors)

    /// Completion handler for `navigate(...)`/`openURL(...)`.
    private func logErrors(_ error: Error?) {
        guard let error = error else { return }

        // Log errors here


Custom Transitions

Here is an example using the popular Hero Transitions library.

Set the customTransitionDelegate for the Router:

router.customTransitionDelegate = self

(Optional) Define your custom transitions in an extension so you can refer to them statically

extension RouteTransition {
    static var myHeroFade: RouteTransition {
        return .custom(identifier: "heroFade")

Implement the delegate method performTransition(...):

extension AppDelegate: RouterCustomTransitionDelegate {
    /// Perform a custom transition
    func performTransition(to newViewController: UIViewController,
                           from oldViewController: UIViewController,
                           transition: RouteTransition,
                           animated: Bool) {
        if transition == .myHeroFade {
            oldViewController.hero.isEnabled = true
            newViewController.hero.isEnabled = true
            newViewController.hero.modalAnimationType = .fade
            // Creates a container nav stack
            let containerNavController = UINavigationController()
            containerNavController.hero.isEnabled = true
            containerNavController.setViewControllers([newViewController], animated: false)
            // Present the hero animation
            oldViewController.present(containerNavController, animated: animated)

And set the transition to .custom in your Routes.swift file:

    var transition: RouteTransition {
        switch self {
            case .myRoute:
                return .myHeroFade


To run the example project, clone the repo, and run it in Xcode 10.




XRouter is available through CocoaPods. To install
it, simply add the following line to your Podfile:

pod 'XRouter'


Reece Como, [email protected]