Rocc (Remote Camera Control) is a Swift framework for interacting with Digital Cameras which support function control or Image/Video transfer via a WiFi connection. It currently only supports control/transfer from Sony's line-up of cameras but will be expanding in the future to support as many manufacturers as possible!

The Sony implementation is a tried and tested codebase which is used by the app Camrote to provide the connectivity with the camera.

Rocc is designed to be as generic as possible, both from a coding point of view and also from an API point of view, meaning support for other manufacturers should be a seamless integration with any existing codebase which is using the framework.


Currently only manual installation is supported, Rocc relies on a library developed by the company I work for which isn't yet configured for a package manager such as CocoaPods or Carthage, however this is something that will be coming in the future.

  1. Clone, download or add the repo as a submodule to your repo.
  2. Drag the Rocc project file into your main app's project.
  3. Add Rocc and ThunderRequest (Or the platform appropriate equivalents) to the Embedded Binaries of your app's target in the General panel of your project.
  4. Import Rocc and you're ready to go!


Discovering Cameras

To discover cameras you will use the class CameraDiscoverer. You must keep a strong reference to this in order to keep it in memory. It will start all the various tasks necessary for device discovery as well as keeping track of WiFi network changes and re-starting the search e.t.c. in these cases.

It will not start and re-start when your application enters the background and foreground however so you may want to implement this yourself!

init () {
    cameraDiscoverer = CameraDiscoverer()
    cameraDiscoverer.delegate = self

func cameraDiscoverer(_ discoverer: CameraDiscoverer, didError error: Error) {
    // Called with errors, these do happen a lot so you will want to check the error code and type here before displaying!        
func cameraDiscoverer(_ discoverer: CameraDiscoverer, discovered device: Camera) {
    // Connect to the device!
   connect(to: device)

CameraDiscoverer also maintains a dictionary of devices that have been discovered keyed by the SSID they were discovered on for your convenience, and the current SSID can be accessed using the Reachability class:

let cameras = discoverer.camerasBySSID[Reachability.currentWiFiSSID] ?? []

Connecting to a Camera

Once you have discovered to a camera, you will need to connect to it. Not all, but most Sony cameras require an API call to be made to enable remote functionality, but for the sake of genericness this should be called on all Camera objects.

func connect(to camera: Camera) {
    camera.connect { (error, isInTransferMode) in
        // isInTransferMode reflects whether the camera was already connected
        // to and has been re-connected to whilst in "Contents Transfer" mode.

You should then progress to performing the functionality you wish to with the connected Camera. You should first check the core capabilities of the camera however as Sony supports two (Really 3) connection modes:

switch camera.connectionMode {
case .contentsTransfer(let preselected): 
    if preselected {
        camera.loadFilesToTransfer(callback: { (fileUrls) in
            // Download Files Somehow!
            camera.finishTransfer(callback: { (_) in
    } else {
        // Show UI for transferring files
case .remoteControl:
// Show remote control UI

Staying Connected!

Rocc provides a simple delegate based class that will alert you when a Camera has become disconnected.

init(camera: Camera) {
    connectivityNotifier = DeviceConnectivityNotifier(camera: camera, delegate: self)

func connectivityNotifier(_ notifier: DeviceConnectivityNotifier, didDisconnectFrom device: Camera) {
    // If it is appropriate to show some kind of UI to let 
    //  the user know the camera has disconnected!    

func connectivityNotifier(_ notifier: DeviceConnectivityNotifier, didReconnectTo device: Camera) {
    // Let the user carry on as they were!

Streaming the Live View

Streaming the live view is as simple as using a LiveViewStream class.

init(camera: Camera) {
    liveViewStream = LiveViewStream(camera: camera, delegate: self)

func liveViewStream(_ stream: LiveViewStream, didReceive image: UIImage) {
    OperationQueue.main.addOperation {
        // Show the next image
func liveViewStream(_ stream: LiveViewStream, didReceive frames: [FrameInfo]) {
    OperationQueue.main.addOperation {
        // Show frame information (Focus info)
func liveViewStreamDidStop(_ stream: LiveViewStream) {
    // Live view stopped!
func liveViewStream(_ stream: LiveViewStream, didError error: Error) {
    // Stream errored, you can try and restart it in this method if
    // you want, but be careful not to recurse too much!

Receiving Camera "Events"

Because your camera settings can still be adjusted manually on the camera whilst shooting, and some settings may affect others (Changing aperture whilst in aperture priority mode may change shutter speed/ISO e.t.c) it is important that the camera can communicate these changes over WiFi. To get changes you should subscribe to them using CameraEventNotifier:

init(camera: Camera) {
    eventNotifier = CameraEventNotifier(camera: camera, delegate: self)

func eventNotifier(_ notifier: CameraEventNotifier, didError error: Error) {
    // If it's important to, show the user an Error        
func eventNotifier(_ notifier: CameraEventNotifier, receivedEvent event: CameraEvent) {
    // Handle the event and update UI! CameraEvent includes all exposure
    // info as well as changes to shooting mode, camera status, e.t.c.

It is important to note that the information provided by CameraEventNotifier will vary by manufacturer, and even by model of camera for the same manufacturer, so you may not always be able to rely on it solely!

IMPORTANT: The CameraEvent object will have nil values for properties that haven't changed with a given event occuring. For example if only the aperture has changed things like cameraStatus will be nil, which doesn't mean the camera is now idle.

Performing Camera Functions

Camera functions are written generically, so there are only 4 methods you need to call on Camera rather than an individual set of methods for each piece of functionality on the camera.

Function Support

Before showing the UI for a function, you should make sure it is supported on your camera. To do this you call a method on your Camera object:

camera.supportsFunction(Focus.Mode.set, callback: { (isSupported, error, supportedValues) in
    // Disable/enable features using the returned value

The type type of supportedValues is defined on the declaration of Focus.Mode by it's associatedtype SendType

Function Availability

Once you have deemed if a function is supported on your camera, you can then check manually for function availability:

camera.isFunctionAvailable(Focus.Mode.set, callback: { (isAvailable, error, availableValues) in
    // Update UI to enable/disable control and show available values

Important: Function availability is also provided by the eventing mechanism, which is often a friendlier way to check for function availability and should be used for disabling/enabling controls when things like shutter speed setting become temporarily unavailable as the user takes a picture or changes to "Auto" mode on their camera.

You can also attempt to make a function available if it isn't currently, for example when changing shooting modes it is recommended to simply call:

camera.makeFunctionAvailable(BulbCapture.start, callback: { (error) in
    // Update UI

This will handle all the logic needed to enable bulb shooting, mainly making sure the camera is in Still Image shooting mode, and setting the shutter speed to BULB. It is also vital in changing to contents transfer mode as can be seen in Transferring Images below.

Performing a Function

Once you have finally deemed if a function is available (Or made it available) you can then with confidence call it on your Camera knowing that in all likelihood it will work:

camera.performFunction(Focus.Mode.set, payload: focusMode, callback: { (error, _) in
    // Update UI (You can rely on eventing if you want to update or do it
    // manually here)
camera.performFunction(Focus.Mode.get, payload: nil, callback: { (error, value) in
    // Update UI

As with calling isFunctionAvailable or supportsFunction both the send type (payload parameter) and return type (value in the second example) are defined by associated types on the function you are calling!

Transferring Images

This topic will only cover transferring images whilst connected to a camera using the 'Remote Control' connection mode, as the other methods have already been covered above.

Checking if Contents Transfer is supported

Before allowing the user to enter "Content Transfer" mode, it is important to make sure the connected camera supports doing so, this includes two checks:

camera.supportsFunction(Function.set, callback: { (setFunctionSupported, _, _) in
    // If we're not allowed to set the camera's "Function" then we're done
    guard let supported = setFunctionSupported, supported else {
        self.supportsContentsTransfer = false
    // Check if once we've set the camera's function we can actually list contents!
    device.supportsFunction(FileSystem.Contents.list) { (isSupported, error, supported) in
        self.supportsContentsTransfer = isSupported

Entering Contents Transfer mode

First off, we need to enter "Contents Transfer" mode on the camera, this may not be needed on all manufacturers but it should be called for all anyway and some will just do nothing internally:

// First check if listing contents is already available!
camera.isFunctionAvailable(FileSystem.Contents.list, callback: { (isAvailable, error, _) in
    guard let available = isAvailable else {
        // Show error!
    guard !isAvailable else {
        // Load schemes
    camera.makeFunctionAvailable(FileSystem.Contents.list, callback: { (error) in
        guard error = error else {
            // Load schemes
        // Show error!

Load "Schemes"

Sony cameras require a "Scheme" when calling further APIs. Although their docs state this can only ever be "storage" we should still list them in-case this has changed:

camera.performFunction(FileSystem.Schemes.list, payload: nil, callback: { (error, schemes) in
    // If multiple schemes, give the user some kind of UI to pick!
    // Then move on to loading "Sources"

Important: At this stage it's important to note that this function may not always be available immediately after the return from makeFunctionAvailable(FileSystem.Contents.List) therefore you should listen to events and call this again in certain cases:

// If the status has changed to ready for contents transfer
if let status = event.status, status == .readyForContentsTransfer {
    // Or the function has changed to Contents Transfer load schemes!
} else if let function = event.function, function.current == "Contents Transfer" {

However I would advise not relying solely on these events and calling the list schemes function immediately as well.

Load "Sources"

Once you have loaded schemes, you can load sources for the given scheme, again most cameras will only have one Source unless they have dual memory card slots perhaps (We are yet to test this theory)

camera.performFunction(FileSystem.Schemes.list, payload: scheme, callback: { (error, schemes) in
    // Again, if multiple "schemes" are returned, let the user pick!
    // Then move on to getting the count of items on the camera.

Load Content Count

It's important to load this as it will let you know when to paginate (If you are loading contents in using a flat view, more on that later!)

let countRequest = CountRequest(uri: source)
camera.performFunction(FileSystem.Contents.Count.get, payload: countRequest, callback: { [weak self] (error, count) in
    guard let _count = count else {
        // Show error
    // Save the content count and start loading content!

Loading content!

Once you have done all the above you can then finally start loading content (Important to note, you can take shortcuts with the above if you know you are only working with certain manufacturers, but do so at your own risk!):

// Setup a file request using the given source and a start index and number of items to return
let fileRequest = FileRequest(uri: source, startIndex: offset, count: itemsToFetch, view: .flat, sort: .descending, types: nil)

camera?.performFunction(FileSystem.Contents.list, payload: fileRequest, callback: { (error, fileResponse) in

    guard let response = fileResponse else {
        // Show error!
    // File response returns whether we have reached the end of the files:
    fullyLoaded = response.fullyLoaded
    // And an array of `File` objects:
    files.append(contentsOf: response.files)
    // Redraw!

Class Level Documentation

Class level documentation is available for inspection in Xcode, and will be made available using GitHub docs in the future.